Learn more about budgies and other small birds.

Cockatiel parrots, native to Australia, are beloved for their playful personalities, striking crests, and melodious chirps. As popular pets, these charming birds require proper care, attention, and a nutritious diet to thrive.

In this guide, we’ll delve into the world of cockatiel care, focusing on their diet, health, and essential information for responsible pet ownership.

Quick Information about the Cockatiel

  • Scientific name: Nymphicus hollandicus
  • Common names: Cockatiel, Weiro (in Australia)
  • Average life span: 15-25 years
  • Relative size: 12-14 inches
  • Weight: 80-125 grams
  • Egg clutch: 4-6 white eggs
  • Color: Typically grey bodies with white or yellow faces and crest. Males often have bright yellow faces with orange cheeks, while females have paler faces and lack the orange cheek patch.

Diet and Nutrition:

A well-balanced diet is crucial for the health and longevity of cockatiels. Here’s a list of foods that are beneficial for their nutritional needs:

Pellets: High-quality pellets specifically formulated for cockatiels should form the basis of their diet. These pellets provide essential vitamins, minerals, and nutrients.

Fresh Vegetables: Offer a variety of fresh vegetables such as carrots, broccoli, spinach, and bell peppers. These provide important vitamins and minerals.

Fruits: Cockatiels enjoy fruits like apples, bananas, grapes, and berries. These should be offered in moderation due to their sugar content.

Seeds and Nuts: While seeds and nuts can be a part of their diet, they should be offered sparingly as treats due to their high-fat content.

Foods to Avoid:

Certain foods can be harmful or toxic to cockatiels and should be avoided:

  • Avocado: Avocado contains a toxin called persin, which is harmful to birds.
  • Chocolate: Chocolate contains theobromine, which is toxic to birds and can be fatal if ingested.
  • Caffeine: Caffeinated beverages like coffee and tea are toxic to birds and should be kept away from them.
  • Onions and Garlic: These foods can cause digestive issues and are best avoided.
  • Alcohol: Alcohol is highly toxic to birds and should never be given to them.
  • Highly Processed Foods: Avoid offering foods high in salt, sugar, and preservatives.

Additional Care Tips:

Socialization: Cockatiels are social birds and thrive on interaction. Spend time bonding with your bird through gentle handling and positive reinforcement.

Cage Requirements: Provide a spacious cage with plenty of room for exercise and activities. Include perches, toys, and branches for mental stimulation.

Environmental Enrichment: Offer toys, puzzles, and activities to keep your cockatiel mentally stimulated and prevent boredom.


Cockatiel parrots make wonderful pets for those willing to provide them with the care, attention, and nutritious diet they need to thrive.

By understanding their dietary requirements, providing a stimulating environment, and attending to their social needs, you can enjoy a fulfilling and rewarding relationship with your feathered friend for many years to come.

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